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Belly dance

Belly dance (or belly dance as it is more commonly known in the western world ) is nowadays the so-called dance of the East . While belly dancing is seemingly quite free, in reality it is governed by strict rules and is particularly difficult to perform. There are many types of belly dance, depending on the music, its origin and the desired aesthetic effect.


Its history has been lost in the depths of centuries. It is the oldest dance for feminine nature and feminine temperament. It comes from ancient texts and findings from respected archaeologists and historians such as William Lawller, from Greece, and fertility rituals in honor of Aphrodite, Astarte, Artemis (for the youngest girls 8 to 12 years old), the triple goddess Hecate, and the Gods. god Panas. Among them, only women made rites and offerings to the goddesses on full moon nights, a practice of eugenics and femininity. Cambrian mysteries: In Dodoni's prophecy, the princess of Olympia of Epirus (mother of Alexander the Great), a descendant of Hercules and a priestess of Dionysus joined them. We don't know much about the Cambrian mysteries, they are said to have rituals. this was her dance. eugenics It is also said that snakes (a phallic symbol) are kept in ivy baskets and are released at a given moment to imitate the nuns' movements. Its roots are definitely based on the Dionysian dances that took place at that time.Bacchic holidays. Dithyramb and others are classified within these dances.

In the first years, women, in addition to rhythmically beating their feet and hands, danced objects (rattles, handkerchiefs, etc.) to protect the world and its gods (goddess Hecate, god Pan) from bad energy, evil eye, bad tongue, etc. If you look at the places where Alexander the Great passed, it is understood that the belly dance became famous. That is, in the Mediterranean and the East. And it has spread everywhere to this day. La danza de fertilida (Brazilians speak of their samba, which has its origins in the eugenics dance. So belly dance.) Flamengo also has its roots in eugenics dance, due to the movement of the hips. After the fall of Byzantium, gentlemen were educated (for education was also dance) and captured beautiful women and forced them to dance in front of them. it was somehow humiliating to dance in front of the eyes of men .In other words, they were captives, slaves. This is how harems were made. Agades, Pasades and Sultans could thus choose the most capable hub to give themselves a successor . Although it is common as a belly dance in its current form, it is very difficult to say that it is a traditional belly dance.Turkey, Iran, Egypt etc. offered from anywhere. Because the religions and daily traditions of the countries do not allow women to act in this way with open parts of their bodies, even today. It is more like a tourist or night attraction. They only dance in honor of the bride while dressing them at weddings, and often only women dance among themselves or when it's the henna day, they make the wedding auspicious by applying henna to the bride's hand. . Belly dance does not have a traditional dance character, but it has spread all over the world, as it is almost in the nature of woman, almost in her DNA . Good practice for woman to figure out her femininity, body and character. It is fascinating to see it as it is a modest challenge and beauty. Tsifteliis just the name of "diplonenia" in Turkish. There were also harems with young people dancing for the sultan , and the most talented had his grace.


In Egypt we find the widest variety of different dances that fit under the umbrella of 'oriental', from traditional elements to modern belly dance . Characteristic is the crown fragmentation (separation) of the body.

From Raks el Baladi , Raks el Asaya , Raks el Semandan to the most modern forms, the elegance of the movement is always present.

Basic categories of Egyptian dance

  • Raqsharqi translates as "Dance of the East" or "Eastern". Technically just Egyptian dances are called that. Dance is pre-Islamic and is a tradition that has developed over the centuries. Some believe it started with the worship of the goddess Isis. However, in its current form, Raqs Sharqi also includes many elements of Western dance such as ballet (classical and modern) and Latin American dance. In this form, it flourished (and continues to evolve to this day) from the thirties, mainly in Cairo's big nightclubs. The peculiarity of Raqs Sharqi is the perfect harmony of movement with music. The music is complex, the rhythms are constantly changing, and the dancer perfectly expresses the music with their movements. The main art in Egyptian style is that the dancer can make the music visible with your body.

  • Shaabiyya traditional dance of the Fellachs (residents of the province), usually as a celebration during weddings. Different communities use different steps, but there are some specific styles such as Saaidi from Upper Egypt. The musicians of the traditional music of the Nile with instruments such as mizmar, tabla, arghul and rababa. The dance style is relaxed with lots of "trembles" (known as shimmies).

  • Ghawazee is more dynamic with fast turns and a more masculine feel. Saidi music is also danced by men with sticks.

  • Beledi, which we can call Baladi or from the country, is an urbanized dance style developed by local immigrants in Cairo at the beginning of the last century. The music became more refined and instruments such as the accordion were added. Baladi can be said to be the evolution of Egypt's inner dances. More moves, more impressive costumes and a variety of steps. There is a "path" to music. "Achra Baladi" is a traditional music genre in which musicians play live. The entrance starts with taksim, awaadi (tubercle, instruments and dancer together) and tet when the speed of the tubercles approaches the end of the course.


It includes movements also found in Egyptian dances such as shimmies, hip circles and hip drops. Andalusian dances (Flamenco), which are mostly seen in hand movements, have a strong influence. Amel Tafsout is an Algerian dancer specializing in Maghreb dance.


There is no dance associated with belly dancing in Greek tradition. However, the sifteli can be considered a light form of belly dance that has been common on the mainland since the 1960s. It is characterized by a free form of movement according to the rhythm, without certain rules. It is danced by couples. In folk dances, they smile more only in "tsifteteli". When "solo" is danced by a woman, it is performed at a table full of plates (so she can't step, she just shakes her chest, waist and hips), accompanied by rhythmic applause as she sings. When the rhythmic transmission of the dance is 4/4, the accompanying rhythmic pattern usually looks like this: 1/8-2/16 + 2/8 + 2/8 + 1/4. Its etymology probably derives from the fact that it was once played on a double (twisted) string (end). Well,

In mainland Greece, the dance first appeared in 1922 with the arrival of refugees from Asia Minor and has slowly spread since then. But before 1922 it is found on Eastern Aegean islands such as Chios. While identified by many with Turkish culture, it is considered by others as something that should be stopped from being reproduced in Greece, because in this way they believe that Greek culture identifies with Turkish culture and Middle Eastern cultures in general.


It can be an energetic dance as well as more lyrical and beautiful. The eyes are very important, the hips are used much less than the arms and torso. Twists are used a bit like dancing on the floor.


Elegance and femininity in all its glory. The melody meets the action and the show is surprising and flowing. Traditional rhythms and dance forms make a difference as Debke. The Lebanese style is very similar to the Egyptian style, but it is more dynamic and the dancers move more in space.

Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Yemen (Persian Gulf)

Khaleegi is a type of dance from the larger region of the Persian Gulf. A suit is a long gilded "dress". Small steps, small movements of the hands next to and in front of the chest, but basically the movement of the hair is what creates the magical image. Bandari is quite close to Khaleegi, but more conservative in clothing. Women wear a veil with filtered fabric in the front. Dance is energetic and powerful.


Folk dances with movements representing daily activities such as shaking the carpet, planting seeds, caressing the sun. Many stages of Egyptian dances are used by Moroccans . Schikhatt was originally danced as a pre-wedding dance. Guedra is a trance spiritual dance performed by a woman sitting on her knees. It uses certain hand gestures to make wishes. He starts dancing standing up, falls to his knees and can go on for hours.


It tends to be more folkloric with movements not often found in other countries. Dancers learn about daily movements, cultivation, cooking, etc. they imitate. Hip back flips are common. Rhythm is often difficult for dancers accustomed to Egyptian or Turkish rhythms. But it's worth the "if" effort to find someone who really knows how to learn. Probably in Tunisia itself.


The Turkish form of belly dance is characterized by more movement in space, without being too low on the ground, with expressive figures and spoons and wedding dance in the pan to the traditional figures near the Greek greeting. We can see from very slow movements and rhythms to very fast eddies. In general, however, Turkish belly dance contains much less movement than Egyptian belly dance, and the music in which it is danced is much simpler in structure than Arabic music, which corresponds to the Egyptian style.


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